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what government did the spartans have

January 16, 2021

Of course a Spartan women was just as likely to have a baby girl as a baby boy and the two while sharing an almost unparalleled level of equality in the ancient world were treated differently. A Spartan women has to look after her husbands land while he is away at war. Republic vs. Democracy: What Is the Difference? Unlike the Athenian government the Spartans didn't use tyranny or any form Athenian democracy. Based on the Word Net lexical database for the English Language. ... After the war what kind of government did the Spartans set up? If they needed to, they were able to serve in the Spartan military. Find answers now! This arrangement allowed one king to govern Sparta while the other was leading the Spartans into battle. Every man in the army fought with a great deal of passion for his country. T… While many are familiar with the Spartans' military prowess, most are unaware that the Spartans had a highly democratic form of government in which all full citizens -- called "homoioi" -- were expected to participate. The Spartan government was divided into two bodies: the Gerousia, or council of elders, and the Apella, or assembly. Noncitizens were not slaves they were freemen. In essence, this was the constitution of Sparta, the political document that outlined the powers and structures of government. Thrasybulus leads the democratic resistance to the new oligarchic government, known as the Thirty Tyrants, that the victorious Spartans have imposed on Athens. The Spartans had two kings ruling the city, but their powers were limited by the 'council of elders', having 28 members participating. The political system of ancient Sparta was a very unique and different oligarchy as compared to other civilization's. This gave them considerably more political clout than most ancient women, but it did not afford them the right to vote or actively participate in the democratic process. The state demanded total obedience from the citizen whose service to the state came before… Both Kings had jointly decided. 1 Questions & Answers Place. This ‘Lycurgan’ system as described by Plutarch and Xenophon is a seriously weird system. Supposedly formed by Lycurgus, the government in Sparta is very unique in that it is an Oligarchy; combining monarchy, aristocracy and democracy. Sparta traditionally was ruled by two kings, kingship being hereditary in two different families, the Agids and the Europontids. Because of this, Sparta had the only full time army in all of Greece. Herodotus on the Kings of Sparta C 430 BCE, M.A., Linguistics, University of Minnesota. What kind of goventment did the ancient spartas have? When he isn't writing business spotlights for local community papers, he writes and has owned and operated a small business. This created social classes within Sparta, the highest social class being the kings and the 'council of elders'. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, The Ancient Spartans Had a Murderous Secret Police, 7 Points to Know About Ancient Greek Government, Political Aspects of the Classical Age of Greece. History: 8 Reasons It Wasn't Easy Being Spartan, HSC Online: Spartan Society to the Battle of Leuctra 371 BC. Sparta did not like the way tyranny worked so they produced a different form of government. Spartans had the slaves and noncitizens produce the goods they needed. The helots were always looking for an opportunity to revolt and did in time revolt, but the Spartans won despite an overwhelming shortage of population. Spartan kings had royal reputation, first places in all, holding the biggest portion of lands. Two kings ruled the city, but a 28-member 'council of elders' limited their powers. King was succeeded by his the first born son after he came to power. The Spartan men in the army started their military training at the age of seven and were trained to be tough. The Spartan system was based on the idea that the collective came before the individual. Whether you’re studying times tables or applying to college, Classroom has the answers. At this point, Spartan men were granted the full rights of citizens, including the right to vote for their leaders and laws. That was the Spartan way: Lie, cheat, steal, and get away with it, or else. She has been featured by NPR and National Geographic for her ancient history expertise. Sparta was an ancient Greek city-state, founded around 1000 B.C. Spartan women were allowed more rights than most Greek women, including the right to own property and to interact socially with men. © 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Life in Sparta may have been hard but the rest of the Greeks envied the Spartans for their simplicity and fanatical dedication to their country. Boys were separated from their mothers at age 7 to begin rigorous military training and continued to live in military barracks until age 30. Oligarchy Sparta always had two kings, the state was ruled by two hereditary kings of the Agiad and Eurypontid families (probably the two gens had great merits in the conquest of Laconia). But Sparta was very different from the other Greek city-states. However regardless of downsides, these factors made Sparta an extremely well protected and fortified civilization by ancient standards. The Spartans did have a sea port but due to the distance and rough weather from the Mediterranean, the Spartan's naval abilities suffered. According to tradition, the Great Rhetra was given to the legendary figure Lycurgusby the mythical Oracle of Apollo at Delphi. The sparsity of ruins from antiquity around the modern city reflects the austerity of the military oligarchy that ruled the Spartan city-state from the 6th to the 2nd century BCE. Women have the right to talk to her husband's friends. The Spartans formed a very complex government mixing democracy and oligarchy, and this form of government was a model for other poleis. Sparta's entire society was based on the idea that all men should be soldiers who spent their lives in service to the state. See disclaimer. Sparta was much admired in Greece. Regardless of how old we are, we never stop learning. The Spartans spoke Greek. Law forbade all Spartan males from any occupation other than that of being a soldier. Government in Ancient Sparta. Unlike many ancient monarchs, the kings of Sparta did not wield absolute power. The final component was the assembly, made up of all Spartiates—full Spartan citizens—over 18. Follow Us. The Spartans did not seem to achieve a high level of culture but the stability of their government has always been admired. Some of the people lived with a lot less stress that did … Spartan dress, taste, and style were notoriously modest, even austere, but Spartans were not crude, dirty, or unkempt – as contemporary art amply demonstrates. Despite this, the Spartan system of government did share some similarities with the democratic governments of the other city­states. Indeed many Greeks wanted their polis to adopt a similar form of government The city-state system also influenced philosophers such as Plato and its influence can be seen in his great work the Republic. Yet, as is often the case, many of the perceptions we have The reason for this is that few people actually ruled Sparta, and their power or time in office was limited to avoid corruption. I have read that during their early years, during military training, that spartan boys were sometimes fed pig fat and pig blood. The Spartan political mindset was war. These slaves had no rights and belonged to the state — not to the landowners themselves. Sparta had two kings ruling together but at the same time creating a system of checks and balances in a modified version of a democratic society. Sparta had two hereditary kings at any given time. However, Sparta did not have a coinage (until King Areus, 309-265 BCE minted silver tetradrachms, only four of which have survived). The kings were automatic members of the Gerousia, the council of 28 elders picked for life plus the two kings. The Greeks admired the harmony and order produced by the Spartan Constitution. The council of elders or "gerousia" was comprised of elected Spartans 60 years or older who were appointed for life. Noncitizens could not participate in the government. Although they did not have many rights, women in Sparta have more rights than other Greek women have. Beneath the Fringe-Dwellers was the enormous serf caste of Helots. Ephors were magistrates who had power over the king served one-year terms as a sort of executive council. Sparta was ruled by a small group of retired warriors. The ancient Spartans had the government of oligarchy where 2 kings headed a council of elders. A Sybarite, who ate at a public mess, once remarked: "Now I know why the Spartans do not fear death." In the monarchical system two kings—hereditary monarchs, one from each of the Agiad and Eurypontid families—had priestly obligations and the power to make war (although by the time of the Persian Wars, the kings' power to make war was restricted). Aristotle, in "On the Lacedaemonian Constitution"—a section of The Politics—says that some claim Sparta's system of government included monarchical, oligarchic and democratic components. Most of the people living in and around Sparta were not afforded the opportunity to become homoioi. eight thousand men. Groups living in Sparta who were not allowed the rights of citizens include the helots -- slaves who performed agricultural labor -- and the perioeci -- free non-citizens who were generally employed in skilled labor and merchant trade. They were the supreme commanders of the army. He thinks they would take bribes. Why would such a well-educated, brilliant thinker believe there was a difference between the rich and poor? What Is a Constitutionally Limited Government? The Spartan society was known for its highly-skilled warriors, elitist administrators, and its reverence for stoicism, people today still look to the Spartans as model citizens in an idealist ancient society. In the quoted passage on the government of Sparta, Aristotle disapproves of government run by poor people. The Oracle was a priestess of Apollo who prophesied on behalf of the gods so when Lycurgus took his ideas of government to her, he was lookin… Other Greek city states had an almost all militia army. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Our Mission Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Instead, it is thought that for internal dealings Spartans would have used iron spits as a form of currency. While many are familiar with the Spartans' military prowess, most are unaware that the Spartans had a highly democratic form of government in which all full citizens -- called "homoioi" -- were expected to participate. No. control over the people. All citizens in ancient Greece were warriors. Classroom is the educational resource for people of all ages. The Spartans took the rich land of their neighbors and made them helots, forced laborers. This story is related by Plutarch in his Life of Lycurgus: Dell Markey is a full-time journalist. 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